Rodrigo Roa Duterte is a Filipino lawyer who has been serving as the 16th President of the Philippines since 30 June 2016. He is first president from the Philippine island of Mindanao, where he spent most of his political career as Mayor of Davao City for 22 years.
Born on 28 March 1945 to Vicente Duterte and Soledad Roa, President Duterte obtained his bachelor's degree in political science from Lyceum of the Philippines in 1968, and earned his bachelor of laws degree from San Beda College in 1972. In 1977, he began his career in public service at the City Prosecutor's Office of Davao. Following the EDSA People Power Revolution in 1986, he was appointed by then President Corazon C. Aquino as Vice Mayor Officer-in-Charge of Davao City. Two years later, in 1988, he won his first three-year term as Davao City Mayor—a position that he held for six more terms before becoming the country's Chief Executive.
Running on a platform of eradicating illegal drugs, criminality, and graft and corruption, President Duterte won the national elections of 9 May 2016 with 16.6 million votes. Upon assuming the presidency, he expanded his anti-illegal drugs, criminality and corruption platform, and launched his administation's "Zero to Ten-Point" domestic agenda:
- Continue and maintain current macroeconomic policies, including fiscal, monetary, and trade policies
- Institute progressive tax reform and more effective tax collection
- Increase competitiveness and the ease of doing business
- Accelerate annual infrastructure spending to account for five (5) percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
- Promote rural and value chain development toward increasing agricultural and rural enterprise productivity
- Ensure security of land tenure to encourage investments
- Invest in human capital development
- Promote science, technology, and the creative arts
- Improve social protection programs, including the government’s Conditional Cash Transfer program
- Strengthen implementation of the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Law
President Duterte has reaffirmed the "independent foreign policy" of the Philippines wherein the country maintains its strong ties with established allies and, at the same time, develops closer relations with non-traditional partners in the international community. His renewed emphasis on Assistance-to-Nationals (ATN)—the third pillar of Philippine foreign policy, after national security and economic diplomacy—placed the promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of Filipinos outside the Philippines, including Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs), as a top government priority.
President Duterte has three children from his previous marriage to Elizabeth Zimmerman (Deputy House Speaker and Davao City First District Representative Paolo Duterte, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte-Carpio, and Davao City Vice Mayor Sebastian Duterte), and one child with partner Cielito Avanceña (Veronica Duterte).